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Αt Erimitis one can find flora of general type, but also with special characteristics. Wild mediterranean coastal vegetation (“machiia”) and abundance of wild orchids, flora and wildlife among all that.

The area has not been mapped very well, so the team’s researchers estimate that there are many more species in and around it. Specifically they assume that more than half have not yet been recorded.

Such a great natural wealth there is on that ground!

Forest species




Wild orchids

tall trees, laurels, and other centuries-old hardwoods, with thick trunk.

Arbutus unedo
Arbutus Andrachne
Fraxinus ornus
Quercus coccifera
Quercus ilex
Quercus pubescens
Phillyrea latifolia

Strawberry tree - Arbutus unedo

Self-Heal - Prunella vilgaris

English daisy - Bellis perrenis

Hawthorn - Crataegus monogyna

Blackberry - Rubus fruticosus

Plaintain - Plantago lanceolata

Heather - Erica manipuliflora

Red Centaury - Centauria erythraea

Cuckoopint - Arum italicum

Myrtle - Myrtus communis

Strawberry tree – Arbutus unedo

Nature in Erimitis is in its best in several occasions. The time of year that Strawberry Trees have fruits is one of the most special! The trees bearing fruits in different maturity stages look from far away like a painting with vivid yellow, orange and red brushstrokes. Most visitors and all of the birds enjoy for free the delicious fruits. However, the plant’s scientific name gives a wise warning: Arbuto unedo or “Eat only one”. Nobody I know has ever managed to fully follow this suggestion but let at least, eat these fruits in moderation! Not a great idea to lose a wonderful walk in the area because of stomach trouble!

Strawberry tree has the unusual habit of bearing both flowers and fruits at the same time. The beautiful white fairy flowers exist together with the delicious fruit, satisfying not only our taste buds, but also our deeper need to be in touch with nature’s beauty.

Self-Heal – Prunella vulgaris

Self-Heal - Prunella vulgaris, Βότανα Ερημίτη

Self-Heal is a unique herb with special characteristics, making a big come back in western herbalism. For decades, the herbal use of this plant was almost forgotten and unlike most other herbs, modern science has shown more interest in studying its properties than traditional healers.

The plant is also known as “Heal-All”, a name suggesting that it can heal all ailments and health complaints. A little bit of research and one can easily realize that Self-Heal is an amazing herb for all organ systems.

Self-Heal is broadly known as a wound healer with hemostatic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and vulnerary properties. The Medieval woodcarvers loved the herb as a remedy for the wounds they got in their hands while working.

In Corfu, the plant is known for its antiviral, diaphoretic and expectorant properties and is deeply appreciated as a remedy for colds and flus. Mums love Self-Heal since it is absolutely safe for children.

It helps digestion, improves liver function, balances the immune system, lowers blood pressure, helps control blood sugar levels and is researched with promising results for its anticancer effects.

English daisy – Bellis perrenis

English daisy - Bellis perrenis

English daisy has been used in wound healing since antiquity. St. John’s Wort, Calendula and English daisy were the most broadly used herbs during the Roman Empire wars for wounds made by metal weapons in the battle field. Nowadays, is mostly used in the cosmetic industry for its tonic and antiaging properties. This is what the scientific name means, anyway! Bellis perrenis or Beautiful all year round.

The tincture improves memory and concentration and provides mental clarity. It is the perfect herb for these periods in life that we feel really tired after working intensively under constant pressure. The plant can helps us stay calm and optimistic in spite the difficulties and keep going with strength and courage in order to settle things down. It improves sleep and it helps us relax and regain our strength after a long full day.

Hawthorn – Crataegus monogyna

Hawthorn – Crataegus monogynaHawthorn comes in all different shapes and sizes and one can meet the plant as a small thorny bush or as a tree growing more than 10 meters tall. It can be a very long lived plant and certain specimens have seen life on this planet for more than 400 years.

The scientific name “Crataegus” is derived from the greek word “Κραταιός” (Krateos) meaning “Strong”. The plant is also known as May-Tree, Thorn apple, Bread and Cheese and White Thorn.

Hawthorn is famous as Heart Medicine. Its properties are precious for the Cardiovascular System, but also for the emotional heart that suffers when we get hurt or sad.

The flowers, leaves and fruits contain chemical compounds that increase the blood flow to the heart, strengthening its function. It tones the arteries, improves the blood supply to the whole body and in formulas with other appropriate herbs, it can help normalize blood pressure. It prevents the buildup of fatty plaques and cholesterol on the artery walls and calms down palpitations and arrhythmias. It helps regulate cardiac rhythm and it can be used to treat angina. It relieves the feeling of oppression in the chest and the shortness of breath. It gives courage and strength to cope with the loss of loved ones and relieves sadness.

It can be used in formulas with Linden flowers, Lemon balm and Motherwort for all the issues mentioned above. Hawthorn berries contain flavonoids, constituents famous for their antioxidant properties and Vitamin C. In Chinese Medicine, Hawthorn is traditionally used as a remedy to improve digestion. Hawthorn is a safe herb that we can use medicinally for long periods in life.

Blackberry – Rubus fruticosus

Blackberry - Rubus fruticosus, Βότανα Ερημίτη

Blackberry leaves are a typically astringent herb. All astringents contain tannins and create a puckering sensation in the mouth when we taste them. Tannins tone, constrict and dry the tissues they come in contact with. For this reason, astringents are used to relieve diarrhea, stop bleeding and reduce mucus and phlegm. All astringents have antimicrobial properties. We can use astringents to gargle for sore throat, stop bleeding, alleviate hemorrhoids, treat incontinence and reduce inflammation in the nasal cavity, the urinary tract and the digestive system. All astringents can be used as an eye wash for red, itchy or tired eyes.

Το τσάι των φύλλων της βατομουριάς είναι ένα κλασσικό παραδοσιακό γιατροσόφι της Κέρκυρας για τη διάρροια. Στη δυτική βοτανοθεραπεία χρησιμοποιείται κυρίως η ρίζα, γι΄αυτό το σκοπό.

Blackberry leaf tea is a traditional Corfiot remedy for diarrhea. In western herbalism, blackberry root is more often used for the same purpose.

Blackberries are full of antioxidants and there are plenty of good reasons to include them in our diet. Antioxidants are compounds that inhibit oxidation. They have anti-inflammatory properties, strengthen the eyes, help control blood sugar levels, they are precious to the cardiovascular system, prevent arteriosclerosis, improve memory and the overall brain function, they have antiaging properties and above all, they bind to free radicals reducing oxidative stress.

They can be preserved for a long time in the deep freezer and they can be combined with hawthorn berries and rosehips to make delicious jams and syrups.

Plaintain – Plantago lanceolata

Plaintain - Plantago lanceolata, Βότανα Ερημίτη

Plantain is a precious plant that often goes unnoticed. It is an important first aid herb. It is an astringent with vulnerary, anti-inflammatory and hemostatic properties. It is often used as poultice for wounds, insect bites, skin problems and infections.

We can make the poultice by mashing the leaves with a little bit of water. Traditionally, the leaves were chewed and applied as a spit poultice on wounds or poisonous bites. A plantain leaf can be wrapped around the poultice and kept in place with a plantain stem.

The leaves are harvested before blossoming from places that are not sprayed or polluted. Plantain leaf tea is a remedy for ailments in the respiratory, digestive, urinary and immune system. It helps relieve dry coughing and urinary tract infections by moisturizing the dry mucosa in the relevant organ systems. It is a diuretic, it treats hemorrhoids (internal and topical use) and it is a precious vulnerary for the mucous membrane.
The leaves are rich in protein, vitamins and minerals and can be eaten raw or cooked when young.

The seeds are used to treat constipation. We can add the seeds in oat meal or soak them in room temperature water overnight and drink them in the morning.

Heather – Erica manipuliflora

Heather - Erica manipuliflora, Βότανα Ερημίτη

Heather is a beautiful herb that blossoms in autumn. It is mostly known as a diuretic and an antiseptic for the urinary tract. It contains arbutin, a compound found in Uva Ursi (one of the most important herbal remedies for urinary tract infections) suggesting that it is equally helpful to the specific situation.

Similarly to most of the herbs that are appropriate for the urinary system, it is an equally effective herb for the respiratory system. Heather flowers can be made into a tea that relieves cold symptoms, especially coughing. It is a sedative herb that can help treat insomnia.

Red Centaury – Centauria erythraea

Red Centaury

Red Centaury or Farmakouli as the plant is broadly known in Corfu is a very bitter herb. Bitter taste can induce chills and drops body temperature. Red Centaury has been traditionally used for malaria fever, instead of quinine that wasn’t always available.

All bitters including Red Centaury help digestion, improve liver function and help detoxification. The aerial part tincture works miracles in most cases of acid reflux.

Corfiot women used to wash their hair with the plant’s flower infusion.

Cuckoopint – Arum italicum


Cuckoopint (Arum maculatum) is a very toxic plant that most animals tend to avoid.

Pigs may be the only animal eating this plant and old Corfiots used to let them clear the space before starting a garden.

Most families in the countryside taught their children from a very early age to avoid Cuckoopint.

However, Arum has a prominent place in traditional herbal medicine. People in Epirus used to make salves and poultices for arthritic pain with the plant’s root and there is evidence that in Corfu, a very small quantity of the root was used internally for ailments that had no other treatment at that time.

This information is important as a mean of understanding the healing power of the plants and the wisdom old Corfiots had during harsh times that there were no other means available but there are not at all suitable to be used for healing from people that do not have deep and consistent herbal knowledge. Toxic plants can cause permanent health damage or even death, if not used appropriately.

Myrtle – Myrtus communis


Since antiquity, Myrtle is a plant closely related to marriage. It was considered one of Aphrodite’s symbolic plants and its’ white delicate flowers were used to adorn the ancient Greek temples and holy places. Myrtle flowers are still used in the bride’s wedding bouquet.

Myrtle fruits are rich in antioxidants, they are tonic and give energy to the body and can be eaten fresh or dried. They can be used to make a tasty liquor.

In the past, the Myrtle leaves were used to give a nice fragrance to the fresh washed clothes. The leaves were boiled in water with ash from the hearth. The water was strained through a linen and was used to wash the clothes. The Myrtle aroma was distinct on the clean clothes and bed linen.

Crataegus monogyna
Erica arborea – Erica manipuliflora
Myrtus communis
Paliurus spina – Christi
Pistacia lentiscus
Pistacia terebinthus
Smilax aspera
Vitis vinifera

Ajuga reptans Silene ungeri
Anchusella cretica
Anthemis chia
Arisarum vulgare
Asphodeline liburnica
Blackstonia perfoliata
Briza minor / maxima
Cakile maritima
Carlina corymbosa subsp graeca
Carduus pycnocephalus
Calystegia sylvatica
Centaurium maritimum
Chrithmum maritimum
Cistus creticus – Cistus salviifolius
Cirsium vulgare
Clematis flammula / vitalba
Echinops spinosissimus
Eryngium maritimum
Galanthus reginae olgae
Glaucium flavum
Hypericum perfoliatum
Iris pseudacorus
Iris tuberosa
Malcolmia maritima
Myosotis ramosissima
Rosa canina
Silene vulgaris
Silene graeca
Silene italica
Vicia serratifolia

Due to their rarity wild orchids need to be presented in a separate category. Enjoy some photo samples.

Anacamptis pyramidalis
Anacamptis pailionacea
Anacamptis pyramidalis ssp serotina
Anacamptis morio
Anacamptis coriophora ssp fragrans
Anacamptis laxiflora
Βarlia robertiana
Cephalanthera longifolia
Epipactis helleborine
Limodorum abortivum
Ophrys apifera
Ophrys ferrum-equinum
Orchis italica
Ophrys minuscula
Ophrys oestrifera,
Ophrys oestrifera var grandiflora
Orchis provincialis
Ophrys reinholdii
Ophrys sicula
Serapias bergonii,
Serapias cordigera
Serapias lingua
Serapias vomeracea

The full list is given in the table below in alphabetical order.
























Aira elegantissima
Ajuga reptans
Allium chamaespathum
Allium commutatum
Allium subhirsutum
Allium trifoliatum
Alopecurus rendlei
Anacamptis laxiflora subssp. laxiflora
Anacamptis morio
Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. messenicaAnacamptis pyramidalis
Anchusella cretica
Andropogon distachyos
Anemone hortensis subsp. pavonina
Anthemis chia
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Anthyllis circinnata
Arbutus unedo
Arenaria leptoclados
Arisarum vulgare subsp. vulgare
Arum italicum
Arundo donax
Arundo plinii
Asparagus acutifolius
Asphodeline liburnica
Asphodelus ramosus subsp. ramosus
Asplenium onopteris
Atriplex prostrata
Avena sterilis

Bellis perennis
Berteroa mutabilis
Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima
Biscutella didyma
Bituminaria bituminosa
Blackstonia perfoliata
Brachypodium distachyon
Brachypodium retusum
Brachypodium sylvaticum
Brassica incana
Briza maxima
Bromus fasciculatus subsp. fasciculatus
Bromus hordeaceus subsp. mediterraneus
Bromus madritensis subsp. madritensis

Cakile maritima subsp. maritima
Calystegia silvatica subsp. silvatica
Cardamine hirsuta
Carduus pycnocephalus
Carex distachya
Carex divisa
Carex flacca subsp. erythrostachys
Carex halleriana
Carlina corymbosa subsp. graeca
carrex muricata agg.
Catapodium rigidum
Centaurium erythraea
Centaurium tenuiflorum
Centaurium tenuiflorum subsp. acutiflorum
Cephalanthera longifolia
Cerastium glomeratum
Cercis siliquastrum
Charybdis maritima
Chenopodium vulvaria
Cirsium vulgare
Cistus creticus
Cistus salviifolius
Citrullus lanatus
Clematis flammula
Clematis vitalba
Clinopodium officinale
Clinopodium vulgare subsp. orientale
Crataegus monogyna
Crataegus orientalis subsp. orientalis
Crithmum maritimum
Crucianella latifolia
Cruciata laevipes
Cyclamen hederifolium
Cynodon dactylon
Cynosurus echinatus
Cytisus lanigerus
Cytisus villosus

Dactylis glomerata
Dactylis glomerata subsp. hispanica
Daucus carota
Delphinium peregrinum
Dioscorea communis
Dittrichia viscosa subsp. viscosa
Dryopteris pallida subsp. pallida

Echinops spinosissimus subsp. neumayeri
Elymus athericus
Ephedra foeminea
Epipactis helleborine
Erica arborea
Erica manipuliflora
Erigeron bonariensis
Eryngium campestre
Eryngium maritimum
Eucalyptus globulus
Euphorbia peplis
Euphorbia peplus

Festuca myuros
Foeniculum vulgare
Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. oxycarpa
Fraxinus ornus

Gastridium ventricosum
Geranium brutium
Geranium columbinum
Geranium dissectum
Geranium purpureum
Geropogon hybridus
Geum urbanum
Glaucium flavum

Halimione portulacoides
Hedypnois rhagadioloides
Heliotropium supinum
Heptaptera colladonioides
Hippocrepis biflora
Hippocrepis emerus subsp. emeroides
Hyparrhenia hirta
Hypericum perfoliatum
Hypochaeris achyrophorus

Inula conyzae

Juncus acutus subsp. acutus

Kali macrophylla
Kickxia commutata
Kickxia commutata subsp. commutata

Lagurus ovatus
Lathyrus setifolius
Lathyrus sphaericus
Laurus nobilis
Lemna cf. minuta
Leontodon tuberosus
Limbarda crithmoides subsp. longifolia
Limodorum abortivum
Limonium brevipetiolatum
Linum bienne
Linum trigynum
Lonicera implexa
Lotus cytisoides
Lotus hirsutus
Lotus ornithopodioides
Lotus tetragonolobus
Luzula forsteri subsp. rhizomata
Lysimachia arvensis

Malcolmia maritima subsp. leucadiana
Medicago orbicularis
Medicago polymorpha
Melica transsilvanica subsp. klokovii
Melissa officinalis subsp. altissima
Mercurialis annua
Micromeria graeca subsp. graeca
Moraea sisyrinchium
Myosotis ramosissima subsp. ramosissima
Myrtus communis subsp. communis

Neotinea maculata

Olea europaea
Olea europaea subsp. europaea
Oloptum thomasii
Ophrys bombyliflora
Ophrys ferrum-equinum
Ophrys oestrifera agg.
Ophrys reinholdii
Ophrys tenthredinifera agg.
Opopanax hispidus
Ornithogalum collinum subsp. collinum
Ornithopus compressus
Osyris alba
Oxalis stricta
Oxybasis urbica

Paliurus spina-christi
Pallenis spinosa subsp. spinosa
Papaver apulum
Parietaria judaica
Petrorhagia dubia
Petrorhagia saxifraga
Phillyrea latifolia
Phlomis fruticosa
Phragmites australis
Pinus halepensis subsp. halepensis
Pistacia lentiscus
Pistacia terebinthus subsp. terebinthus
Plantago lanceolata
Plantago serraria
Plantago uliginosa
Poa bulbosa
Poa infirma
Poa trivialis subsp. sylvicola
Polygonum equisetiforme
Posidonia oceanica
Prospero autumnale
Prunella laciniata
Prunella vulgaris
Prunus spinosa
Pteridium aquilinum subsp. aquilinum

Quercus coccifera
Quercus ilex
Quercus pubescens

Ranunculus muricatus
Ranunculus neapolitanus
Raphanus raphanistrum
Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. landra
Reichardia picroides
Rhagadiolus edulis
Rhamnus alaternus subsp. alaternus
Rhus coriaria
Rosa sempervirens
Rubia peregrina subsp. peregrina
Rubus idaeus
Rubus sanctus
Rumex pulcher
Ruppia cirrhosa
Ruscus aculeatus

Salicornia fruticosa
Salicornia perennis
Salsola soda
Salvia virgata
Sanguisorba minor
Sanguisorba minor subsp. balearica
Scaligeria napiformis
Scolymus hispanicus subsp. hispanicus
Scorpiurus subvillosus
Securigera securidaca
Selaginella denticulata
Serapias bergonii
Serapias cordigera
Serapias ionica
Serapias lingua
Serapias orientalis
Serapias parviflora
Serapias vomeracea
Sherardia arvensis
Smilax aspera
Solanum nigrum
Sonchus nymanii
Sonchus oleraceus
Sorghum halepense
Spartium junceum
Stuckenia pectinata
Symphyotrichum squamatum

Teucrium capitatum subsp. capitatum
Theligonum cynocrambe
Tordylium apulum
Trifolium angustifolium
Trifolium campestre
Trifolium nigrescens
Trifolium patens
Trifolium physodes
Trifolium repens subsp. repens
Trifolium resupinatum
Trifolium stellatum
Trifolium xanthinum
Trigonella corniculata
Triticum vagans

Ulmus minor
Urospermum picroides

Valantia hispida
Valantia muralis
Verbascum sinuatum
Veronica chamaedrys subsp. chamaedryoides
Veronica cymbalaria
Viburnum tinus subsp. tinus
Vicia angustifolia
Vicia bithynica
Vicia dasycarpa
Vicia grandiflora
Vicia hirsuta
Viola alba
Vitex agnus-castus
Vitis vinifera
Vicia serratifolia
Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera

Xanthium italicum

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